Implementation gap between the Energy Community and the European Union is widening, says report
The Energy Community has fallen behind the EU in the implementation of the Energy Community acquis communitaire, and this gap has widened last year, reads an Annual Implementation Report published by the Energy Community Secretariat on Wednesday.
The document assesses the progress achieved by the Contracting Parties in implementing the Energy Community acquis communitaire in the period from September 2012 to September 2013. The report will be taken into account by the European Commission when it draws up the Progress Report on the candidatecountries andpotential candidates to joint the EU (the event is scheduled for October 16, 2013).
“Without meaningful reform of the electricity and gas markets and progress in regional market integration, the gap between the Energy Community Contracting Parties and the EU will continue to widen. The EU is moving ahead at a faster pace than before in order to meet its 2014 target date for completing the EU internal energy market,” said Energy Community Secretariat Director Janez Kopac.
The report showed that the level of progress made in the implementation of the acquis is not uniform across the Energy Community region and across all areas, notably gas, electricity, oil, renewables, energy efficiency and environment.
The report notes the relatively faster advancement in the implementation of the electricity sector rules by Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia, compared to a slowing pace of reforms in Albania, the FYR of Macedonia, Moldova and Ukraine.
Progress in the implementation of the gas rules was moderate overall. However, little or no progress was achieved in some Contracting Parties, notably Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Deputy Director Dirk Buschle, who coordinates the Secretariat’s monitoring of the implementation status, stressed that “The Third Energy Package for Electricity and Gas presents a real opportunity for the Contracting Parties to catch up with the EU. Its adoption into national law by 1 January 2015 and subsequent implementation has to be the key priority in every country. To ensure this, the Secretariat will involve itself more deeply in the drafting of legislation than in the early days of the Energy Community. Further enforcement action might also be necessary.”
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Poland’s proposal to reduce the EU’s energy dependence on Russia by collective buying of gas and maximising domestic production of coal shows a reactive, “security-as-usual” approach that is totally behind the times, writes Luca Bergamaschi of think tank E3G. According to Bergamaschi, the EU should instead improve its energy security by radically reforming its energy system, above all by improving energy efficiency. Studies show that Germany could cut its gas consumption by half in ten years if it wanted to – let alone a country like Ukraine, which is much more wasteful in use of gas. They also show that this provides tremendous business opportunities for companies in the EU.
The assistance programme for the Ukrainian gas sector
Ukraine is important to Russian geopolitics, and its main focus is on gas pipes that encircle Europe and connect Russia with the West like an umbilical cord. Wojciech Jakóbik, independent analyst at Jagiellonian Institute, developed some guidelines for Europe and a plan for Ukraine to decrease dependence on Russian energy supplies.
- Weekly analytical report: August 11 - 17, 2014
In this issue: - What impact bring sanctions against Russia and what condition the EU names for their cancellation; - How reverse gas supplies to Ukraine develop and how much gas has been accumulated; - Who will be able to rent Ukrainian Gas Transportation System and under what conditions; - How will the law "On sanctions" impact the energy sector; - How they are preparing for the heating season in Kyiv and in regions; - Why coal production decreases; - What is the state of emergency in electricity is needed for.